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Based in Monterey County, Agricultural Impact Associates LLC is California's premier boutique consulting firm specializing in economic analysis of agriculture.

Since 2012, the company has produced research reports that help government agencies, industry groups, non-profit organizations, and the general public better understand agriculture's larger contributions to local economies.


The firm draws from a wide range of experts for projects, as needed. The core team consists of Senior Researchers Dr. Jeff Langholz and Dr. Fernando De Paolis.


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Dr. Jeff Langholz
Senior Researcher

​Since 2012, Jeff has co-authored agricultural economics studies in more than twenty California counties. His chief duties include study design, data collection, data analysis, writing, outreach, administration, and client support.

​Jeff comes from a farming background, has worked as an agriculture extension agent, and taught a popular university course in sustainable agriculture. He is a former Visiting Associate Professor at Stanford University and Fulbright Scholar in South Africa.

​Jeff holds a Ph.D. in Natural Resources from Cornell University. His work has been cited in The Wall Street Journal, New York Times, The Economist, San Francisco Chronicle, San Jose Mercury News, The Packer, and hundreds of other media outlets.

When not consulting on agriculture projects, Jeff is a professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, CA. He lives in northern Monterey County with his wife, kids, and various pets -- including a goofy black lab whose viral YouTube video has brought smiles to over 35 million viewers worldwide.

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Dr. Fernando De Paolis
Senior Researcher

Fernando has over thirty years of experience designing and implementing quantitative economic studies of agriculture and related topics. He has been a consultant for a wide range of local, national, and international organizations.

Born in Argentina, Fernando holds a Ph.D. in Urban Planning from the University of California - Los Angeles with an emphasis on regional economics. He is past Regional Economist with the Denver Regional Council of Governments and a Fulbright Scholar. Fernando is an expert in regional economic modeling, including use of IMPLAN and the Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS II).


In addition to consulting work, Fernando serves as a professor and academic dean at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, CA. He teaches graduate level courses in advanced economic analysis and quantitative tools.

In his free time, Fernando likes to go hiking and off-roading in the California wilderness. He also enjoys the occasional glass of high-quality beer, wine, or whiskey.

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